Local weather Report Identifies Europe because the Continent Experiencing the Quickest Price of Warming

Temperatures in Europe have risen 1.5C above preindustrial ranges during the last 30 years.

Europe ought to put together for a rise in lethal heatwaves attributable to local weather change, in line with a complete report launched on Monday. This report highlights that the world’s fastest-warming continent skilled temperatures 2.3 levels Celsius greater than pre-industrial instances final yr.

The report, a collaboration between the World Meteorological Group and the European Union’s Copernicus Local weather Change Service, outlines the implications of local weather change in Europe. These penalties embody crop-damaging droughts, record-breaking sea-surface temperatures, and unprecedented glacier soften.

Europe has been warming at twice the worldwide common because the Nineteen Eighties, resulting in final yr’s record-breaking summer season. International locations equivalent to France, Germany, Italy, Portugal, Spain, and the UK skilled their hottest yr ever recorded.

Because the mid-1800s, the common world temperature has risen by almost 1.2C, leading to excessive climate occasions equivalent to intense heatwaves, extreme droughts, and extra highly effective storms. Sadly, essentially the most susceptible populations and poorest international locations bear the brunt of those impacts, regardless of contributing the least to fossil gasoline emissions.

The severity of local weather change impacts is rising worldwide, with the northern hemisphere and polar areas experiencing fast warming. In Europe, the excessive temperatures final yr worsened extreme and widespread drought circumstances, fueled violent wildfires, and prompted 1000’s of heat-related deaths.

The report, titled “State of the Local weather in Europe 2022,” reveals that temperatures throughout the continent rose by 1.5C over 30 years, from 1991 to 2021. Greater than 16,000 folks died as a consequence of extreme warmth final yr, and climate and local weather extremes resulted in $2 billion in damages from floods and storms.

Carlo Buontempo, the Director of Copernicus, states that these excessive occasions are usually not remoted incidents however a part of a sample that can proceed to make warmth stress extremes extra frequent and intense in Europe.

The report additionally highlights some optimistic findings for the long run. Wind and solar energy generated 22.3 p.c of electrical energy within the European Union in 2022, surpassing fossil fuel for the primary time. The rise in solar energy installations and the complementarity of photo voltaic and wind power all year long contributed to this milestone.

Whereas wind and rain patterns in Europe haven’t proven important developments prior to now 30 years, there was a notable improve in daylight. 2022 recorded the best quantity of photo voltaic radiation since information started in 1983.

The report underscores the pressing want for motion to mitigate the results of local weather change and defend susceptible populations from its impacts. Europe should put money into renewable power sources and implement efficient adaptation measures to deal with the challenges posed by a warming continent.

© 2023 AFP

Europe is world’s quickest warming continent: local weather report (2023, June 19)
retrieved 19 June 2023
from https://phys.org/information/2023-06-europe-world-fastest-continent-climate.html

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